What Is The U S. Dollar Index?

what is the dollar index

But this compensation does not influence the information we publish, or the reviews that you see on this site. We do not include the universe of companies or financial offers that may be available to you. The Plaza Accord, which included the United States, was soon enacted to weaken the greenback, and it worked with overwhelming success.

A flurry of economic reports churned out last week injected much-needed volatility in forex dealmaking.A flurry of economic reports churned out last week injected much-needed volatility in forex dealmaking.

  • Professional investors use futures and options contracts to invest in the Dollar index.
  • Index futures can react to both national and international economic data, as well as other reports that relate to the strength of the dollar or other currencies.
  • Investors can use the index to hedge general currency moves or speculate.
  • There is a decent argument that the Dollar Index should be updated to more closely reflect modern economic and trade flow developments.

These financial products currently trade on the New York Board of Trade. Investors can use the index to hedge general currency moves or speculate. The index is also available indirectly as part of exchange-traded funds (ETFs) or mutual funds. The U.S. dollar index allows traders to monitor the value of the USD compared to a basket of select currencies in a single transaction.

US Dollar Index Futures Quotes

Then-President Richard Nixon effectively ended this agreement in the early 1970s when he announced the dollar would no longer be based on gold. From there, countries were free to “float” their currencies and allow markets to determine their value. There are a variety of ways to invest in the dollar and its index more specifically.

US Dollar Index Has Been Growing for Five Consecutive Weeks … – Kitco NEWS

US Dollar Index Has Been Growing for Five Consecutive Weeks ….

Posted: Tue, 22 Aug 2023 07:00:00 GMT [source]

It is used to measure the value of the U.S. dollar against currencies widely used in international trade, rather than against all currencies. USD/JPY meets with a fresh supply on Thursday and is pressured by a combination of factors. Bets that the BoJ will end its ultra-easy monetary policy underpin the JPY and weigh on the pair. The uncertainty over the Fed’s rate-hike path prompts USD selling and contributes to the decline. Kit Juckes, chief FX strategist at Societe Generale, has a longer term bearish view on the dollar but is nevertheless a buyer of euro-dollar puts on expectations that the U.S. currency will mount a final push higher. Commodity prices tend to fall (at least nominally) as the Dollar increases in value – and vice versa.

USDOLLAR further reading

The USD Index is affected by the supply of and demand for the US Dollar and currencies that make up the basket – as these factors influence the price of each currency pair in the formula used to calculate the US Dollar Index’s value. Euros and pounds are the only two currencies where the U.S. dollar is the base currency because they’re quoted in terms of the dollar. The others are quoted in terms of how many units a U.S. dollar will buy. The value of each currency is multiplied by its weight, which is a positive number when the U.S. dollar is the base currency. In the equation above, the euro has the most weight, followed by the Japanese yen and the British pound. Bankrate.com is an independent, advertising-supported publisher and comparison service.

Dollar retreats as data shows US economy near stalling point – Reuters

Dollar retreats as data shows US economy near stalling point.

Posted: Wed, 23 Aug 2023 07:00:00 GMT [source]

President Richard Nixon decided to temporarily suspend the gold standard, at which point other countries were able to choose any exchange agreement other than the price of gold. In 1973, many foreign governments chose to let their currency rates float, putting an end to the agreement. The index itself is calculated as the weighted sum of the exchange-rate logarithms, then is charted to show the equivalent percentage changes in the index relative to the last trading day. If the index has a positive move, that means that the currency being measured has strengthened against its partner currencies, which is usually good for import activity. A negative move indicates that the currency has weakened against its partner currencies, which is usually good for exports. The U.S. Dollar Index is a measure of the value of the U.S. dollar against six other foreign currencies.


The Federal Reserve established the dollar index in 1973 to track the value of the U.S. dollar. Two years earlier, President Richard Nixon had abandoned the gold standard, which allowed the value of the dollar to float freely in foreign exchange (forex) markets. The USDX uses a fixed weighting scheme based on exchange rates in 1973 that heavily weights the euro. As a result, expect to https://1investing.in/ see big moves in the fund in response to euro movements. The index is affected by macroeconomic factors, including inflation/deflation in the dollar and foreign currencies included in the comparable basket, as well as recessions and economic growth in those countries. The U.S. dollar index (USDX) is a measure of the value of the U.S. dollar relative to a basket of foreign currencies.

what is the dollar index

Gold price is defending $1.900, off three-week lows, as the US Dollar holds the renewed upside on encouraging US Retail Sales and PPI data. The US Treasury bond yields also advance, as the data reinforces hawkish Fed expectations. Some bearish investors, on the other hand, said risks in the dollar are asymmetric, that is, the downside on the dollar far exceeds its upside following a multiyear rally that has seen it rise 28% from its January 2021 low. A Reuters poll found that 81% of analysts surveyed believe the risks to their dollar forecasts are to the upside for the remainder of 2023, though many still believe the greenback will trade lower a year from now. Signs that the dollar will continue enjoying its yield-advantage over other currencies have undercut support for bearish views on the greenback. Speculators’ net short bets on the dollar shrank to $7.17 billion last week, from a two-year high of $21.28 billion in late July, data from the Commodity Futures Trading Commission showed.

While the dollar faltered over the summer, growth has wobbled in many of the world’s major economies while remaining comparatively robust in the United States. That has supported the idea that the Fed will leave rates at around current levels for longer than previously expected and boosted the relative attractiveness of the greenback. Many market participants had expected the U.S. economy to soften this year under the weight of the Fed’s rate increases, pushing the dollar lower.

It measures changes in the value of the dollar against the currencies most used for U.S. imports and exports, rather than comparing it against any one of the world’s currencies or all of them. Reuters, the news and media division of Thomson Reuters, is the world’s largest multimedia news provider, reaching billions of people worldwide every day. Reuters provides business, financial, national and international news to professionals via desktop terminals, the world’s media organizations, industry events and directly to consumers. Here we can see that USD is the base currency in four of the six currency pairs included, with these given a positive value for the purposes of the calculation.

Gold prices settle at a 3-week low as dollar climbs ahead of U.S. August inflation report

The U.S. dollar index , which measures the currency against a basket of its peers, has surged 5% since late July and stands at its highest level in around half a year. Rather than buying or selling several U.S. dollar “pairs” at the same time, you would trade the overall index that would rise and fall in line with the overall sentiment regarding the U.S. dollar. U.S. dollar pairs are the dollar paired with one other currency, for example, “USD/GBP” for the U.S. dollar traded against the British pound. This system was facilitated by the Bretton Woods Agreement in which essentially most of the major world leaders agreed to physical gold as the basis for U.S. dollars, and then weighted the world’s other currencies thereafter. Inflation or deflation of any currency, monetary policy, geopolitical conflicts, and export/import ratios, just to name a few.

Just as a stock index measures the value of a basket of securities relative to one another, the U.S. Dollar Index expresses the value of the dollar in relation to a “basket” of currencies. Bankrate follows a strict editorial policy, so you can trust that we’re putting your interests first. Our award-winning editors and reporters create honest and accurate content to help you make the right financial decisions.

Federal Reserve in 1973 after the dissolution of the Bretton Woods Agreement. It is now maintained by ICE Data Indices, a subsidiary of the Intercontinental interpolation online Exchange (ICE). For investors wanting more leverage in a Dollar Index position, the Intercontinental Exchange (ICE) offers a futures contract on the index.

what is the dollar index

For many investors, the easiest avenue would be an exchange-traded fund which tracks the index directly. The Invesco DB USD Bullish ETF (UUP), for example, is designed to track the Dollar Index. It has more than $1.5 billion in assets under management and thus is a large and liquid ETF for traders looking to quickly track the value of the dollar. There is also an inverse dollar ETF, Invesco DB USD Bearish Fund (UDN), for traders looking to capitalize on a move in the other direction. A strong dollar means other global currencies have been relatively weak, which Lynch says exacerbates inflationary pressures and financial market volatility. The USDX allows traders and investors to monitor the purchasing power of the U.S. dollar relative to the six currencies included in the index’s basket.

What is Relative Strength Index (RSI) in stocks?

When the U.S. dollar is the quoted currency, the value will be negative. Ian worked for Kerrisdale, a New York activist hedge fund, for three years, before moving to Latin America to pursue entrepreneurial opportunities there. His Ian’s Insider Corner service provides live chat, model portfolios, full access and updates to his “IMF” portfolio, along with a weekly newsletter which expands on these topics. Historically, the Dollar Index has not been all that volatile, or at least not to the extent of stocks or commodities. That said, the index initially dipped following its launch, bottoming out around 85 in 1978 during that inflationary period. The Dollar Index then went on to soar to as high as 150, hitting its all-time high, in 1984.

This product trades 21 hours a day, five days a week, offering near-continuous liquidity for dollar trading throughout most time zones and market moving events. There are several popular exchange-traded funds (ETFs) that track the USDX. UUP has more than $2 billion in assets under management and is extremely liquid, averaging more than 4.1 million shares of daily trading volume.


Leave a comment